Understanding the Common Core Standards from the Homeschool Perspective

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Conservative bloggers are lighting up the cyber world with dire warnings on the destruction of public education because of something known as the “Common Core Standards.” Several have boldly stated that this government initiative could be the end of homeschooling too. It is worth taking the time to read behind the blogging to put things in appropriate perspective for those of us who have chosen the freedom of homeschooling.

The bloggers are certainly not all wet regarding bad things happening in public education. There is definitely something bad happening with public school curricula, and the Common Core Standards are playing a role. We will touch on that somewhat, but there are two more important fundamental questions I want to focus on here for those of us who homeschool:

Are the Common Core Standards having a negative impact on homeschool curricula?

Are the Common Core Standards and their adoption by states a direct threat to our homeschooling freedom?

The impact on homeschool curricula. First, one needs to demystify Common Core Standards. In short, they are a ramped up “educational scope and sequence” drafted at the direction of the National Governors Association. An “educational scope and sequence” is simply a tool used by the factory system of education we call public schools to determine where a student should be at a particular grade level with regards to understanding basic concepts.  During the last few decades some big business interests and colleges have been demanding the development of national standards to measure a high school diploma so they can be confident when hiring or admitting someone with a high school diploma that they are getting a known commodity. This effort has taken on various names like “no child left behind” or “profiles of learning”.

After several federal initiatives failed, businesses and academia approached the National Governors Association (NGA) in 2009 to develop a suggested uniform set of educational scopes and sequences. The NGA is no conspiratorial organization, but is best explained by its title – it is an association of the governors from all 50 states working on common initiatives. The folks hired by the governors completed their task and titled the new set of model scopes and sequences the “Common Core Standards”.

The standards are broken down into two broad categories, Mathematics and English Language Arts. The standards themselves are very broad general statements of where a student should be at a particular grade level. I would not suggest it, but if you want, you can read each of the standards at the following website: http://www.corestandards.org/

The standards themselves have no statement that would cause someone with a Christian worldview to be angered. Again, they are simply just broad statements of where a student should be at a particular grade. For example, one of the English Language Arts standards for a 5th grader on the subject of literature reads: “Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.” (CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.1). Therefore, railing against the language in the Common Core Standards would actually make one look a little foolish.

Nonetheless, it is not the actual language in the standards but how they are being applied that is probably the biggest concern. Over the last few years, the governors have been taking these standards back to their respective departments of education and legislatures; 45 states have adopted them in some form. Therefore, curricula providers are recognizing the need to change their curriculum to come in line with the new scope and sequence developed by the Common Core Standards.

This realignment of curricula only makes common sense for the factory school system.  Unfortunately, this wholesale redevelopment of curricula has given a fresh opportunity for the education elite that has embraced a nihilistic secular humanistic worldview to spread their message. Not surprisingly then, those who are in the business of selling curricula to public schools trying to meet the new Common Core Standards may also take advantage of the change to put in content that we as Christians find objectionable.

Therefore, the 5th grade standard that says “Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text” is not the problem unless the 5th grade curricula the public school bought from the curriculum companies uses a text that talks about how Jesus is not a historical figure. Little Johnny is then asked to read a text attacking Christianity where he is required to make an accurate quotation on how Jesus is not a historical figure while explaining the inference of that text. Therefore, the fact that the curriculum is tied to the Common Core Standards is not the problem, but rather it is what worldview the curriculum is tied to that we should be concerned about.

Frankly, obsessing about public-school standards is just a bad idea for homeschoolers. When our family started homeschooling in the early 1990's, many obsessed about scope and sequence for their kids because they didn't want them to be “falling behind the public school kids” and they had a greater need to prove that homeschooling was a viable option. What homeschooling statistics have since found out is that our careful tutoring model that identifies the best style of learning for our children is a far more successful predictor of academic achievement than being a slave to some sort of public school scope and sequence. Simply put, because mom and dad are motivated educators who care about their kids, homeschoolers will outperform any factory school that is spinning their wheels trying to fit widgets in the standards.

What does this mean when you are buying curriculum? First of all, don't buy into the grade level designation. Know your student and don't be afraid to start them later in a curriculum or earlier in the curriculum based on their needs. Also, recognize that the major curriculum companies have been going through significant revisions of their curriculum and they may (or may not) have drifted away from our Christian worldview principles as a result. This is something happening culturally that the Common Core Standards has only accelerated, but not created.

Be aware that the ACT and SAT college entrance exams are working to align their testing expectations with the Common Core Standards. This actually makes good common sense. If the bulk of their students are expected to be at certain levels of academic achievement by age 16, it's only fair to make sure that the test is actually measuring these levels. Not surprisingly, it will probably result in these tests being easier in the future. There are many public policy arguments that can be made regarding this likely result, but the focus here is the effect on homeschoolers. Therefore, one just needs to be aware of this fact if you are preparing your student to succeed on the college entrance exams. Most of our students won't need to worry about this because they will do very well on the test due to our education method. However, if you have a student that is struggling and is on the edge of competency for college, be aware that the standards may give you somewhat of an advantage to help focus your educational plans leading up to the entrance exams.

Are the Common Core Standards and their adoption by states a direct threat to our homeschooling freedom? The short answer to this question is no. Minnesota has already adopted the English Language Arts Standards and they were implemented this school year in the public schools. Minnesota has had standards for a number of years and the reason we so easily adopted the Common Core Standards in English Language Arts was because they were so close to our existing standards. Minnesota has only partially adopted the Mathematics Standards because they were quite a bit different and less rigorous than our present standards. The Minnesota Department of Education will review this position in a few years after they see how the math standards are rolled out nationally.

In Minnesota, as in most states, private education and homeschooling are not bound by state standards. The NGA has never indicated they want the standards to apply to private education. The bigger concern has always been the education elite wanting their ideas of diversity taught in private schools by force. They also aggressively advocate that the curriculum providers follow their secular humanistic worldview. The Common Core Standards did not create that environment, but if anything they have touched off another round of curricula changes that have exacerbated the problem. Examine your curriculum options carefully and if it goes against your worldview, don't buy it.

Here's the real problem. I have been reading most of the articles that have been coming across my laptop on this subject as it relates to homeschoolers. In every one of those articles where the blogger tries to make the connection to homeschooling, it typically refers to a situation where the “homeschooler” is trying to have their feet in both worlds of homeschooling freedom and government funding. It is either a situation where the family is part of a government run virtual school or using government dollars to purchase their textbooks.

Two sayings come to mind; “You cannot serve God and money” (Matthew 6:24) and “freedom is not free”. I have long preached the concern around virtual academies and the need to decouple oneself from government funding when it comes to the purchase of our curricula. We have an absolutely wonderful homeschool freedom that was bought at a significant price by past homeschoolers on our behalf. They lost money, spent time in jail and were ridiculed for wanting to educate their children in a Christian worldview at home.

Therefore, embrace your freedom by unplugging from government programs that come with strings and require the teaching lessons contrary to your Christian worldview. Spend the time to carefully examine the worldview of the curricula you may purchase, or develop your own. There is no government program presently forcing you to buy a set of bad curricula. Therefore, as homeschoolers we should be very careful how we use our dollars in the marketplace so that we encourage quality curricula that respects and honors our Christian worldview. MÂCHÉ is always very vigilant in this concern and looks for your feedback. We should be very forceful and demanding in the marketplace.

Being forceful and demanding on the public policy of adopting education standards in the public square is a different matter. I would advise caution in getting involved in opposing the development of the Common Core Standards for public schools.

Our conservative friends who have not boldly chosen to train their children in the freedom of their own home but rather have their feet both in the Christian and secular world regarding education would like us to help fight their battles. They know we are well organized and highly motivated in the preservation of the Christian worldview. Therefore, they like to get us riled up to fight their battles. Certainly the resulting changes are dumbing down curricula and, it could be argued, speeding up the moral decline within public schools, but our kids are not in the public schools.

As states adopt the standards, I am not inclined to think that homeschoolers should get involved in this public school debate. These standards are already here and they are reshaping factory school curricula. That is already water over the dam. I would say you should save your gunpowder. Our response to these conservative bloggers in their comment section should be “Join us on the outside. You can no longer have your feet in both worlds when it comes to the education of your precious children. There is something freeing about being on the outside. The air smells better, the grass is greener, your family life is fuller, your children behave better and they have greater academic success too. It's time to leave. Wake Up!!!”


John Tuma

MÂCHÉ Board Member


"Our conservative friends who

"Our conservative friends who have not boldly chosen to train their children in the freedom of their own home but rather have their feet both in the Christian and secular world regarding education would like us to help fight their battles. They know we are well organized and highly motivated in the preservation of the Christian worldview. Therefore, they like to get us riled up to fight their battles. Certainly the resulting changes are dumbing down curricula and, it could be argued, speeding up the moral decline within public schools, but our kids are not in the public schools."

I am not one who is riding the fence between secular standards and a Christian worldview, and I am gravely concerned about Common Core standards and all that goes along with their adoption. You neglected to mention the P20 Workforce tracking, data mining and loss of parental sovereignty that is wrapped up in the package of Common Core. The government's overreach into public education will not stop with our public schools. What happens when thousands of families pull their children out of public schools and begin homeschooling to escape Common Core? Who do you think the government will come after then?

We are not asking you to "get riled up to fight" our battles. We are imploring you to stand up for what is right and preserve the very foundational freedoms our country was built upon.

The resulting changes ARE dumbing down the students and ARE speeding up the moral decline in public schools. Does this mean that we pass by the other side of the road when we see a need?

Jennifer Gallegos
(homeschooling mama of 3)

A good response Jennifer. I

A good response Jennifer. I think I. Will give my full reply on the ordinal post

Common core

Whether public schooling can be saved is uncertain...I understand not wanting to try to save the Titanic. two thoughts that occur is that Common Core math standards are two years behind mathematics as it is now. Common Core is delaying algebra , omitting some trigonometry, and using a very untested geometry curriculum. So many students will not be ready for what is currently routine math entrance requirements for many 4 year colleges. In English standards and in fact the whole philosophy of CC is a concerted effort to teach to the test; in other words, students will be able to produce the right answers, but have less understanding and critical insight into the answer, or even the ability to discern other possible answers.

My other thought is that simply withdrawing from the fray will not protect homeschoolers in the end. Take a look at the current Romeike family lawsuit on the Homeschool Legal Defense Assn page. If the battle is lost on this case, it won't be long before our federal law will either ban homeschooling or force complicity in some fashion. The FERPA privacy laws are or are being changed to allow government access to your child's, and families personal info such as religious, political affiliation, health history, psych profile and more. I don't believe forra minute that homeschooling is safe

Sorry for the bad punctuation/grammar...it is a pain to type on the iPad!

John Tuma's Thoughts


Thanks for your input. Don't get me wrong, all those things that you mentioned along with the CCS are bad and would require more of just a blog article to explore. Rest assured those of us working at MACHE and HSLDA have our eye on them to make sure they do not cross the line into our land of freedom. If they do, or even come close, to quote Michael Farris “we'll sue them faster than Congress can spend money”.

As someone who has been involved in the political process for decades now I do know there are organizations that thrive on crisis and need to gin up Buzz to continue to be relevant. We at MACHE do not play that game. Rest assured if these were direct threats or a distant rumbling of a coming attack to our freedom we would be arming the troops. The simple reality is that we are still only 2% of the population and our families collectively have limited time and energy. Therefore, a wise use of our resources and not allowing her troops to get exhausted over every battle is critical to our success. Drawing this line is always a challenge.

I am not against individual homeschoolers as citizens of this great country who are passionate about education reform from engaging in the CCS debate. One could develop a very plausible string of theories by which this particular effort could be the linchpin to our opponents attack on us. I hope it was extremely evident in my article that we take our enemies serious and there are many among the education elites. A close study of the CCS and a careful reading of the design should lead to the conclusion that this is probably not the tool the education elites are using to take us over. That doesn't take away the fact that it is an extremely bad idea and if you're passionate about using your resources to battle it - go for it.

I certainly could be mistaken, but from my perch inside our political machine the CCS does not appear to be a critical line of attack on our homeschool freedoms. It's more of an opportunity being taken by many to continue the destruction of our public school curriculum. A fact we need to be aware of in the marketplace as we purchase critical.

I am far more concerned about the Romeike deportation case and the efforts to force traditional private schools to adopt the state bullying diversity training policies. The legal and philosophical underpinnings of these 2 matters strike directly at the heart of the constitutional foundations we stand on under the 1st, 4th, 10th and 14th amendments of the US Constitution. Public schools trying to figure out scope and sequence and how they track their students seems a little bit distant from those fundamental principles.

Finally, to answer your question “Does this mean that we pass by the other side of the road when we see a need?” Absolutely not. I just want our response to the need to be wise. I thought I made this point pretty clear in my last paragraph of the article. Instead of exhausting my energy crossing the road to try fixing a collapsing roof in the ghetto of public education I'd rather use my energy from the other side of the street to call loudly to the poor souls still stuck in the slum to come over to this beautiful pasture of freedom we have in homeschooling. MACHE has not been passing by them quietly letting them suffer in their slum. We just think it's a better use of our energy to help them see how beautiful this educational experience can be and give them guidance on how to get the most out it after they leave the ghetto. What we've experienced is it takes a lot of energy to free them from the ghetto mentality and to see the full beauty of discipling ones children in Christ.

Data mining

Jennifer had a good point on the issue of data mining. In New York, they are in the process of uploading information on homeschoolers. I learned this from HLSDA. http://dailycaller.com/2013/04/14/homeschooling-advocate-common-core-aba... I do believe this is the start of, "crossing the line to our land freedom."

After viewing this clip, HLSDA seems to be very concerned on where this is headed.

Kirsten Block

Data mining


That is correct that data mining does cross the line. Unfortunately, this is more proof of why the whole debate is confused because how people are labeling things. The “common core standards” are just that - “standards”. They, in and of themselves, have nothing to do with data mining. Many national bloggers have been labeling the overall negative intrusion of the federal government and the education establishment as the “common core”. I watched the blurb and have complained to HSLDA for not clarifying what I think is a critical difference. Again I think we look foolish railing against the “common core” when we are actually railing against the federal government's intrusion into our privacy or the destruction of educational freedom by a federal overreach. It's hard to communicate that dangerous intrusion without giving it a label and the label that bloggers like to use is the “common core” because it's simple and it sounds bad. The reality is though that the common core is just one part of an overall attack on our freedom.

Again, MACHE strongly believes the common core is very bad, but strategically it is not a direct threat to Minnesota homeschoolers. We are also fortunate in Minnesota that under our state law our homeschool information is considered “private data” and cannot be mined by the federal government or private entities. That was a law that MACHE successfully advocated for about 8 years ago. If you find out that your homeschool information held by your school district has been released inappropriately please let us know immediately and we will assist you in correcting that breach of your privacy.

We recognize that there is a battle going on in Washington DC on diminishing the impact of the common core standards as a federal mandate and we encourage you to stay in tune to the work HSLDA is doing on this issue. If for some reason MACHE can play a sensible strategic role in that effort we will as always partner with HSLDA. Right now such a role has not presented itself.

John Tuma

Not sure about this...

I'm not sure I totally agree with what you have shared. Many of the people I have heard talking about CCS are concerned about having to make changes due to what the ACT / SAT / college exams will require our homeschooled kids to know...they are already changing these tests. I am no way involved with the government in our homeschooling and this is my concern. And the fact that so many homeschool curriculum providers ARE moving toward CCS is quite concerning. Just my simple thoughts on some of this.

Its a fight for ALL who educate.....

Have you heard the poem attributed to Martin Niemoller?

First they came for the communists,
and I didn't speak out because I wasn't a communist.

Then they came for the socialists,
and I didn't speak out because I wasn't a socialist.

Then they came for the trade unionists,
and I didn't speak out because I wasn't a trade unionist.

Then they came for the Jews,
and I didn't speak out because I wasn't a Jew.

Then they came for the Catholics,
and I didn't speak out because I wasn't a Catholic.

Then they came for me,
and there was no one left to speak for me.

Federalizing education through Common Core will become EVERYONE'S fight. It is an affront to FREEDOM!!!!!!

Then they came for me

I simply don't understand why we keep talking past each other on this issue. I'm absolutely saying we should fight for freedom from the “federaliziting education”. Even though I don't know if “federaliziting” is a word. At least it is not according to my spellcheck. Nonetheless, that is the boogie man in the room or the real enemy in the battle. We would never say that we should back away from fighting “federaliziting education”, but we should be smart by taking strategic look at where we can be most effective in that fight in our corner of the battlefield.

Common Core is only a small part of that federal takeover because of its now linked to the federal aid program "Race to the Top". The common core is not being fully implemented in Minnesota, to date Minnesota has turned down most of the Race to the Top money, that state standardization of public school curriculum is a ship that has already sailed in Minnesota sense we ready have had standards for over 2 decades and they have had little impact on her educational freedom to date thanks to her diligent work in the past.

I have a hard time seeing how an impotent set of public school scope and sequence policies could even be remotely equated with coming for the Jews or the Catholics by the Nazis. Far more concerning is the federal attempt to standardize school tracking information of all students. This is not the common core, but is often mislabeled as such. We are fighting that and one can make a better argument that it fits within your “then they came for” argument.

Overdramatizing particular elements of the fight tends to only marginalize your position.

To the question about the ACT/SAT being aligned with the common core, this is a legitimate concern, but remember these standards are dumbing down the test. Our students are already not following (or I would argue should not be following) the present standardization of education that the ACT/SAT are tied to and our kids are blowing away the tests. I'm not a fan of connecting the 2, but it is likely going to happen because they're run by essentially private entities that are aligned in their philosophy. I would worry about it if they were actually making the test harder, but your kids will still scoring well ahead of the average whether it's connected to the common core or the common cold. Unfortunately, for those students on the margin of making it into college this could bring about some challenges in preparing for and taking the test.

Here's an interesting article from Indiana in world magazine on the subject:


If we were in Indiana we would probably be engaged in this battle, but we have more strategical things to fight here in Minnesota. Things like a horrible state-mandated bullying law that strikes at the core of our constitutional freedoms and other expansions of school intrusion into our lives like student tracking and early childhood education. The common core is not "coming for us" or anybody else yet in Minnesota, but other things are and we are fighting them very diligently.

John Tuma

Praying that MACHE leadership will wake up!

I hope our state MACHE leaders will seriously start looking into this federalized education system. It is HERE in Minnesota right now: English/Language Arts, some districts are teaching the Math, Social Studies adopted for the fall and state leaders are very interested in the Science. Public schools are adopting Common Core because no one is speaking up. Parents, please do your own due diligence. This is not about right versus left, but right versus wrong.

I am praying for the leadership here! After this month wraps up and those of us who are now working tirelessly to defeat Common Core and all its initiatives already within the state, it would be my pleasure to sit down with any leadership willing to educate and inform themselves so that they can inform their members.

In Jesus,

Linda Bell

Grave mistake

I too feel that MACHE is making a grave mistake in not taking seriously the dangers inherent in the Common Core State Standards(CCSS). I think it is wrong to assume that the only homeschoolers who should be concerned with this are those who have one foot in the secular world and one in the Christian world. As a homeschooling mom who is trying to be as conservative as possible with regards to the government's oversight in our homeschool (ie. only reporting the minimum to the school district, not participating in early childhood screenings, not accepting government money for textbooks etc...), I am still extremely concerned about how these standards will affect education in our country in general and specifically the future of many other freedoms in this country. Essentially what I "hear" you saying in what you wrote above is that, 1) you don't feel like the CCSS present a direct threat to our homeschooling freedom and 2) we are not concerned about how our homeschooled children's future peers, coworkers, bosses, legislators, etc. will be gravely affected by these new standards.

With regards to your opinion that this is not a direct threat to our homeschooling freedom, I liken this to those who, in the same-sex marriage debate, were not concerned about how same-sex marriage was a direct threat to the institution of marriage. In my opinion, it is very clear that the CCSS play a critical part in the federal take-over of education. If that does not present a direct threat to our homeschooling freedom, I don't know what does!

Secondly, with regards to how children in general will be affected by the implementation of these standards, you mentioned that this will only speed the moral decline in our public schools. I would further this by saying that with CCSS, it seems very clear that the underlying agenda is to train up a new generation of children who don't know how to think for themselves and who have been indoctrinated with a globalist, environmentalist, socialist mindset that will bring down our country. You would argue that this should not concern homeschoolers. Unfortunately, in saying this, I think you miss a very critical point. There is only so much we can shelter our children from the world. When our children our young, we can carefully present them with only the best of curriculum, Bible-training, character-training, worldview training, etc; however, there is a point where we will have to nudge them out of our nests, whether it's into the workforce or into building their own nests. Of course, we can pray for God's protection over them and yes, this is an evil world that will continue to go downhill until Christ's return, but if we knew that by stepping forward and speaking out in the here and now, we could slow and possibly stop the tide of this federal take-over of education and the dangerous ideology that is being propogated through the CCSS, would we do it for the sake of passing on an environment in which a Godly heritage can thrive and flourish? I think this is no different from many of the early Americans who left Europe so they could continue to safely pass their Christian legacy on to future generations. If you knew that you could do something to create a better environment for future generations of Christians and homeschoolers, would you not step forward and speak out for them?

I plead with you and am praying for you to rethink your position on whether or not homeschoolers should be involved with this issue.

Michelle Wilcox

Common Core does affect homeschoolers where I live

Unfortunately, my state requires homeschoolers to participate in standardized tests in grades 5, 7, and 9. My state has adopted the Common Core standards and has signed up for PARCC. If a student is found to be lacking according to the Common Core standards in PARCC, then there is mandatory intervention from the public school system. As a result, I am focusing my efforts on the testing requirements in my state for homeschoolers.


Dear Mr. Tuma,

In an earlier post, you stated that data mining has nothing to do with Common Core. Sir, you could not be more mistaken! In the Race to the Top grants signed by our Commissioner of Education and Governor, one of the four requirements to receive the grants was to enact a State Longitudinal Data Base for the storage of over 1000 points of data on children and their families to be stored at the state level and to be inter-operational between other states and the federal government.

I have prayed for you for months now. A small group of homeschooling families would like to meet with you and the leadership of MACHE at your convenience. Please let me know of your availability.

Linda Bell

Not a good idea.

How about those of us with special needs kids. I pulled my kids out of pubic schools due to the abuse they were suffering. Its not easy. This could very much effect us!

I love this quote: "You can

I love this quote:

"You can no longer have your feet in both worlds when it comes to the education of your precious children."

And, I think it should apply to Christian homeschooling curriculum providers as well. Stop trying to have feet in both worlds!

I would say we need to proceed with awareness

While I myself have chosen to not use anything with CC Standards in my state, there are plenty of homeschooling families who are. Be it via curriculum that has been aligned or via access to classes on-line or at a more traditional public school.

Our state legislators redefined what homeschooling entails earlier this year, thus blurring the lines between homeschooling & public schooling. It was & continues to be championed & embraced as a great thing because it frees the parent to make the best choices for how they educate. While blurring the lines did offer parents options, it also opens up the right to privacy (data mining because once your homeschool student enrolls in certain classes, they become tracked), loss of a parent's authority to choose curriculum and a host of other issues no one stopped to consider OR when they were brought up, swept under the rug.

CCNS are a nasty thing, they aren't going away & homeschoolers need to proceed with awareness of the places the Standards lurk. We need to preserve homeschooling by NOT using anything with the Standards. STEM is also a part of this 'national' overall of indoctrination.

Homeschool Curricula and Common Core

All homeschoolers can learn where more than 1,400 resources we typically use stand on the common core - and it's not just an either-or situation - at The Educational Freedom Coalition database: http://www.theeducationalfreedomcoalition.org. The information is thoroughly researched - no guessing allowed! - and annotated wherever necessary. When parents have information about this, they can make better decisions for their families.

MACHE, please wake up before it is too late!

You need to educate yourselves about Common Core! It may say "standards" in the name, but it is much, much more than that, and it DOES affect homeschoolers! See truthinamericaneducation.com for tons of great info. So many trusted curricula companies are turning to alignment with CC. It's getting hard to avoid! See theeducationalfreedomcoalition.com for all the resources, including Christian ones, who have sold their souls to CC. Thank goodness there are some of us willing to pay attention and research and put together these great websites to get that information out there to parents. Join the discussions on The Educational Freedom Coalition's FB page. Tons of great info, articles, and proof that CC is bad for every single person in America, whether homeschoolers, private schoolers, or public schoolers, and even those who have no children in school. Please research more, and quickly!

First they came for the public school children...

To paraphrase a well-known statement:

First they came for the public school children, and I didn't speak out because my children weren't in the public schools.

...Then they came for me, and there was no one left to speak out.

common core

We are a home educating family relocating to MN. I was interested in Mache, but after reading this thread, I quite certain that Mache (board member John Tuma) does not understand the current threat and scope of Common Core, and if not, I cannot support the organization. Glad to know before I joined! Robyn Gilbert

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