What is a Charter School?
A charter school is “a publicly funded school that is typically governed by a group or organization under a contract or charter with the state.”1 Each school forms a charter, which is essentially a performance contract detailing the school’s goals, programs, and methods of assessment. In exchange for meeting the set goals, the school is granted an exemption from many traditional public school regulations. Charters typically last for 3–5 years, and at the end of the contract period, the overseeing authority (usually a state or local school board) reviews the school’s performance and determines whether to renew the charter.2 Although in some ways, charter schools operate similarly to private schools, they are still public schools because they are funded by taxpayer dollars (including both state and federal funds).
There are two types of charter schools:
1) Brick and Mortar (“Traditional”): These charter schools are built and maintained like traditional public...